historian Jack Maguire so aptly
"It's not only
the state flower but also a kind of
floral trademark almost as well
known to outsiders as cowboy boots
and the Stetson hat." He goes on
Texas what the
shamrock is to
Japan, the lily to France,
the rose to England and the
tulip to Holland."
7, 1901, the Twenty-seventh Texas Legislature adopted
the bluebonnet, flower of the annual legume Lupinus
subcarnosus, as the state flower. The flower's
popular name derives from its resemblance to a
sunbonnet. It has also been called buffalo clover, wolf
flower, and, in Spanish, el conejo ("the
rabbit"). On March 8, 1971, the legislation was amended
to include L. texensis and "any other variety
of bluebonnet not heretofore recorded." At least four
other species of bluebonnet grow in Texas: L.
havardii, L. concinnus, L. perennis,
and L. plattensis. Contrary to various folk
stories and legends claiming that the plant originated
outside the state, L. texensis and L.
subcarnosus are native to Texas. In 1933 the
legislature adopted a state flower song, "Bluebonnets,"
written by Julia D. Booth and Lora C. Crockett. Also in
the 1930s the Highway Department began a landscaping and
beautification program and extended the flower's range.
Due largely to that agency's efforts, bluebonnets now
grow along most major highways throughout the state.*
The flower usually blooms in late
March and early April and is found
mostly in limestone outcroppings
from north central Texas to Mexico.
Its popularity is widespread.
Although early explorers failed to
mention the bluebonnet in their
descriptions of Texas, Indian lore
called the flower a gift from the
Great Spirit. The bluebonnet
continues to be a favorite subject
for artists and photographers, and
at the peak of bloom, festivals
featuring the flower are held in
Texas Official State Song
words and music by Julia D. Booth
and Lora C. Crockett
When the pastures are green in the
And the birds are singing their
You may look to the hills and the
And they’re covered with lovely
Blue is the emblem of loyalty,
They’re as blue as the deep, deep
Their smiling faces bring gladness,
For they bloom for you and for me.
Bluebonnets, so gorgeous and
In your mantle of blue and of green,
In the spring when you’re in your
You’re the loveliest sight ever
You’re beautiful when you sway in
You look like waves of the sea,
Ah, Texas was wise in her choice of
So we offer our homage to thee.
Bluebonnets, blue lovely
More beautiful than all the rest.
Texas chose you for her flower,
And we love you best, Bluebonnets.